The DROID RAZR Ad: Failed Advertising

Verizon’s new DROID RAZR from Motorola should be a great phone. It has specs to compete actively with the competition— a 1.2 GHz dual core processor, Ice Cream Sandwich upgradable, 8MP camera, LTE, and it is the thinnest smartphone in the world at the time of writing. Motorola also added the RAZR moniker, well-known from 2004-2006 as the high-end expensive super sleek flip phone immensely popular (the price was lowered putting the popular phone within reach of the masses) before the arrival of the iPhone.  With the DROID RAZR, Verizon and Motorola failed miserably, once again, to advertise their great product.

In my opinion, Verizon’s DROID advertisements have never come close to describing the full potential of the phone. They are all similar in following a theme of a metal machine wielding a DROID phone while using lightning bolts, a dark room, and a bright red light to show off the phone. While the audience might associate the ad with “cool” or “awesome”, they don’t spend enough time with the actual phone. The DROID RAZR ad is the best example.

As seen below, the advertisement is an action movie—it starts with a batman-like race through the city to save a black box from evil. In the last 10 seconds of the one minute advertisement, it is revealed that inside that black box is the DROID RAZR. It is “too powerful to fall in the wrong hands”.  However, no information is released about the phone, as it is seen for 5 seconds being held by four metal points at each corner.

Looking at the advertisement itself at face value, this is what one can deduce:

The DROID RAZR is a thin phone that is very powerful, and runs on Verizon’s network.

Also, it seems to have been stolen from Chinatown.

 That’s it.

Unless Verizon and Motorola are counting on TV watchers to finish the one minute commercial and look up the DROID RAZR, this leaves the potential customer with more questions than before. After all, there is such a wide variety of Android smartphones on the market, that Motorola and Verizon have to do a better job differentiating their product in such a saturated market.

This is a one minute advertisement where only 10 seconds at the very end have to do with the product being advertised. One could correctly argue that the average smart phone buyer is not interested in 1.2GHz vs. 1.0GHz, but the buyer does want to know about the thinness, the Kevlar back, and what differentiates this phone from the competition.

However, it is a tough task advertising an Android handset, as the only thing you can draw from to differentiate your product from the competition is to highlight the hardware changes. With the exception of a custom interface on top of Android, all of the software is Google, which all other competing Android handsets obviously have.

Mac OS X Users Begin to Deal with Reality

For years, Apple enthusiasts have jeered at their Windows counterparts’ frustration and anger with viruses, as the Apple enthusiasts believed that Macs don’t get viruses. They do, but its very rare. When it comes to malware, Mac users are on the defense for once.

A couple of weeks ago Mac OS X, the operating system that Mac-lovers proudly proclaim is virus free and so safe and secure, was hit with some infectious malware in two batches, leaving many frustrated Apple users shocked posting their troubles on Apple’s forums. As the majority of Mac OS X users do not have anti-virus protection that continuously updates, Apple’s patch after the first outbreak required Snow Leopard,  which 34% of Mac OS X users do not have installed. While soon after the outbreak Apple’s Security Update 2011-003 added daily malware updates, Mac users no longer have the false sense of being 100% malware free.

 

Do Mac users now need anti-malware software installed on top of Mac OS X? Not yet. The MacDefender and MacGuard malware had a low threat level; it did not render the computer unusable like some Windows viruses. Apple has added daily malware protection updates, but the most important thing users should know is that Macs can be infected, and users should be vigilant and remember that Apple’s machines are not invincible. Mac OS  X market share is slowly but surely growing. Different reports range its market share anywhere from 8% to 15%, depending on the indicator.  They are also increasingly popular with college students, users who will likely remain loyal to their operating system until they save up to buy an iPad or Android tablet. As Mac OS X’s market share grows, it will become a more serious target for criminals and hackers.

 

For more information: http://www.wired.com/gadgetlab/2009/09/security-snow-leopard/

With More Undersea Cables, Africa is Now Hard-Wired into the Internet Backbone

Many Americans may take broadband for granted, but there is still a large digital divide between Africa and the rest of the world. From the early 21st century, computers have made their way to many developing nations, and thrived— a prime example is India as an IT outsourcing hub. India’s growth would not have been possible without a stable, fast internet connection to the rest of the world. This stable connection is what is being built for Africa only now. North Africa has many internet users, as seen by the recent protests, and this is no coincidence. Its geographic proximity to Europe gave North Africa quick access to Europe and North America. Previously, South Africa had only been served by SAT3-SAFE, a submarine communications cable linking Portugal to South Africa (SAT3) and South Africa to India and Singapore. However, SAT3-SAFE is quite slow by modern standards. India and Singapore had already built undersea cables connecting to the Middle East (which by terrestrial connection reaches Europe) However, Africa’s connections to Europe and the internet backbone were limited. Most of the internet in Southern Africa was routed through the SAT3-SAFE. South Africa has almost 5 million internet users, most of them on capped broadband plans, since there is not enough bandwidth. This also makes internet throughout sub-Saharan Africa very expensive. SAT3 is also not very reliable. For three days in July of 2009, there was an internet outage in Nigeria and Cameroon, two of the connection points of SAT3. All countries that used SAT3-SAFE from Cameroon and south had to rely on satellite communication to access the internet, or use another under-sea cable. For many countries, SAT3 was the only communications cable. The lack of bandwidth hurts not only residential customers, but also corporations. High-bandwidth applications such as videoconferences are difficult without ample bandwidth.
With selective nations in Africa posting large economic growth rates, undersea cables connecting sub-Saharan Africa to Europe and the Middle East are being built. ACE, a $700 million private investment project from France to South Africa will connect new countries that have never had access to an international communications line. In addition, this line has lots of bandwidth, and is able to be upgraded without modifying the existing cable. This will ease bandwidth caps in South Africa through competition.Kenya is also being connected to the United Arab Emirates via TEAMS, another undersea cable.

Undersea Cable Map

Simply, Africa is being connected to the rest of the world. Besides from video conferencing, the internet is a worldwide knowledge hub, providing educational facilities with books and encyclopedias that are unavailable locally. The investment climate and tourism will also receive a boost from cheaper more readily available internet access. Hotels and local travel agencies can create websites for Western tourists, and securities can be traded with more ease, if governments allow. This is all good news for Google, who has been depending on wider availability of internet to promote its services in Africa.
Falling internet prices will not be caused by more bandwidth, but increased competition by ISPs entering through ACE and other undersea cables. Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, The Gambia, Guinea, Liberia, Mauritania, Sao Tome and Principe and Sierra Leone have never had access to an international communications line, and no doubt new ISPs will enter the market to provide these services. South Africa’s internet-connected population is expected to double to 9 million over the next 5 years, and added broadband bandwidth will give plenty of room to expand.

Are the Days of Unlimited Internet Numbered?

With AT&T’s announcement of capping DSL broadband to 250GB, one must wonder, is the age of unlimited internet ending? After all, the government of Finland has declared that that broadband of 1 Mbps is a human right. If water and electricity are considered human rights, you’ll realize that both are metered. Without paying a high flat-rate, you pay for what you use. Why should the internet be any different? There was a time when electricity was unlimited, but as devices required more current and infrastructure costs increased, metered pricing was necessary.

AT&T recently introduced data caps for its DSL users

Caps, like what AT&T have instituted, are different than metered plans, the latter you pay for how much you use, and the former creates a limit where the charge will be higher.

A world of capped internet is not in the immediate future, but it may change the internet dramatically. In the dial-up age, internet connectivity was slow, so websites were optimized for the 56k connection, and simply loaded text and content.  When broadband became mainstream, websites responded becoming more interactive and multimedia oriented. Websites like Hulu and YouTube would not have attracted viewers, buffering wait times would have been too long. Even file-sharing only grew when peers had always-on unlimited broadband.

If internet usage was capped, how would users and websites respond? Gnutella clients and other peer-to-peer file sharing networks would take the largest hit, as they stream the most amount of content during the nighttime and all year long, whenever ­their computers are idle.

At first, not much would change for most internet users. Caps would likely be around the 250GB to 500GB mark, far more than what most web-surfers require. However, as bandwidth and hard drive technology has advances, the size of files moving through the internet has grown. Operating system patches and upgrades can be as big as 2 GB.  Verizon FiOS now offers 150Mbps download speeds, and Google’s fiber optic network boasting a theoretical 1 Gbps could be headed your way. At that speed, it would only take 250 seconds to fill AT&T’s data cap.  No file is that large today, but downloading large files from the cloud would require a second thought.  1080p HD Videos? 4K-ultra-high-resolution videos?  Bandwidth increases will soon be able to seamlessly support massive videos- one full-length 4K movie could require more than 100 GB.

Such actions taken by ISPs to cap internet usage would also have a large impact on Internet TV, increasing the price of Internet TV compared to cable. Running your TV for a few hours could be 8 GB. A month worth of watching TV for 3 hours every day would near 250 GB.

Such change isn’t likely, but it will be interesting to see how the internet’s content and information will evolve to meet and fit the guidelines of the capped (or even metered) broadband world.

 

Grooveshark’s Removal from the Android Market: A Change in Policy or Just Business?

Google’s recent move to remove Grooveshark from the Android Market may seem insignificant; however, it’s a sure sign that all app stores need regulation, following Apple, who has been criticized for doing so.  The choice of removing Grooveshark was controversial, it has been accused of violating copyright law, but has not formally faced the court in the matter- they have been sued by a record company, but after agreeing to catalog their items and pay licensing, the charges were dropped.  There was no legal action forcing the Android Market to remove Grooveshark, and unlike the Apple Store’s removal, it was not a direct threat to iTunes, as Android does not have an official music store yet.  Grooveshark has also been on the Market for more than a year.  Google is under increasing pressure- the removal of Grooveshark could have been linked to the congressional hearing on piracy and Google or from the music industry, as Google is planning to open a music store in the coming months.

Grooveshark, located in Gainesville, FL

Grooveshark has reiterated that they are fully DCMA (Digital Millennium Copyright Act) compliant, having a specific portion of their website dedicated to reporting copyrighted content that iis not licensed. In addition, they suspend users who upload copyrighted content (only after a complaint) from uploading entirely.

This removal was likely from industry pressure, but Grooveshark is a real company, and not a file-sharing website.  While this does not make their service more-or-less legal, Google felt it was necessary to remove Grooveshark for the good of the platform, as the music industry will become an increasingly important partner of Google. As Google needs more allies, expect Google to be a little more business-like and away from their traditional open-source philosophy.

For rooted and sideload-enabled phones, Grooveshark will surely find a way to install itself on Android, just as they have done with adding Grooveshark to iOS via Cydia, the jailbreak app store. Grooveshark is still alive and running on Palm webOS, Nokia Symbian, and BlackBerry App Stores, and online.

What Android Still Needs to Stay on Top

According to a recent Nielsen survey, Android is the most popular smartphone OS in the United States, above Apple’s iOS and RIM’s BlackBerry OS. In order to keep on top and not fall behind Apple, Android has some key items it needs to address and improve upon:

Apps and Developers
The Android Market is growing in size at a great rate, but still lacks specific apps. Companies still usually build an iOS app, and then depending on its success, expand it to the Android platform. Android needs reasons to have its platform be the number #1 place to begin. Most companies still think the iOS platform is bigger, better, more mainstream and is used by more users. Apple products also have a “cool” appeal in today’s culture. These facts are rapidly changing, but as they are, companies still do not understand this, and believe that Android is more difficult to develop for. This is not true. However, compared to Apple, developers are not given as much support and documentation. This scares newer and amateur developers away from the Android platform, and toward Apple’s platform, even with its higher cost.
To encourage developers to embrace the Android platform, Android needs to show developers that they are fully supported with more documentation and tools, and highlight the advantage of developing on the Android platform: no limits. Android should take advantage of Apple’s tightly restricted ecosystem where apps can only run in their specific environment . In Android, multi-tasking does not have to be putting each app into a standby mode, but actually running it in the background. In addition, Android developers have the entire genre of customization with launchers etc. that is unavailable to iOS devices that have not jailbroken. Android should take advantage of Apple’s faults.

Marketing
Android needs to update it’s marketing strategy, which is non-existent besides from carriers and handset makers, to clear public misconceptions and educate the public on the operating system. Most Android ads feature a handset rotating 360 degrees, or a laser-beam shooting out of it while a voice lists its specifications, or praise it has received. For marketing, Android, wireless carriers and handset (and tablet) makers should take a page out of Apple’s playbook. Apple has a large advantage because they make the software, and the hardware, and have no need to compare one iPhone to another. Apple’s ads only have to ensure that consumers choose Apple. On the other hand, handset makers, and carriers have to advocate for the network, and the brand, once users choose Android. However, these advertisements spend so much time talking about the specific phone’s specifications, which most consumers do not understand, that Android is left out. The best mention Android gets is “a phone with the Google Experience”. What does that even mean? Apple ads never talk about specifications, because there is really no option or choice, but detail the operating system, the apps, the experience editing a movie on the phone, the ease of making a call while on the internet (AT&T only) and sending videos to friends and family. The best mention of sending videos in an Android phone ad will be “send videos faster with the 1GHz processor Snapdragon processor at lightning speed”. Again, I emphasize that most consumers do not care if the processor is Snapdragon or Tegra, or 1GHz or 1.2 GHz. However, handset makers feel it is necessary to list these specifications, as it will differentiate the specific Android phone from another.
If Android is to successfully advertise, Google, the company who financially backs and owns the Android platform, should put some money into advertising the platform. So should networks and handset makers. Spend part of the ad going through the home screen, watching the widgets update with life information on facebook friends– these are all things that the iPhone cannot do, even with a jailbreak. In addition, use the Google name. Samsung, LG, Motorola, especially HTC, who came out of nowhere in 2008, are not powerful enough in the USA to be big trustworthy notable brand names. Google’s name has power, familiarity, and a powerful image, similar to Apple. More than 180 million people use Gmail, and Android advertisements never succeed in using the Google name to their advantage. A “Google Experience” does not mean much– highlight easier access to your Google services, and the freedom of the Android operating system.

Security
Security is a huge issue that an open mobile operating system like Android needs to address. At time of writing, reports of Malware on Android phones in China have come up, and if this trend continues without any intervention or prevention from Google, the entire Android platform will endure a huge setback. Apple’s iOS has a huge advantage in this field as it is a closed operating system , and will use it to pulverize Android and Google if security issues remain. iOS vs. Android ads will appear similar to Mac vs. PC, and Android will have a long road to a comeback. This is especially important if Android is to try to appeal to corporate IT. If corporate IT departments officially ban Android, expect sales to plummet.
To avoid a catastrophe, Android needs to sponsor some Android anti-virus app while improving security, be more active in finding and removing malicious apps, and maybe even close or limit some modes of accessing the device. This will cause ire from some users who switched from Apple to avoid censorship and have freedom from restraints, but it must be done for the sustainability of the entire operating system.

Why the Motorola Xoom is Android’s Best Chance to Attack the iPad

The Motorola Xoom was greeted with many oohs and aahs at CES 2011, as it was the first Android tablet to run Honeycomb, which is Android 3.0- designed with the tablet in mind. While many Android tablets were announced at CES, the Motorola Xoom has the most going for it, and the most backing to give Apple a real competitor.

The first mainstream Android tablet, the Samsung Galaxy Tab, was heavily pushed by Samsung through advertising and multiple carrier support ( available on all major US carriers), but lacked developer and software support. The tablet ran Android 2.2, designed for cell phones, on a 7 inch device. The Android operating system was already fragmented with screen sizes between 3.5 inch and 5 inch, but Samsung pushed it too far running a cell-phone operating system on a 7 inch tablet. Many apps crashed, had horrible graphics or did not work altogether and required app developers to modify their software for one more device- not a new software release that would utilize all new features, but access for one device.

The home screen of the Xoom highlights the advantages of the Android operating system, having what's important to you upfront, not hidden in an app

The Motorola Xoom has a chance to steal a larger piece of pie from Apple. Running a tablet-optimized operating system, developers will have incentive to build apps, as upcoming tablets will be also run Honeycomb. Like any Android device, users have their important information upfront in a widget, unlike in the Apple ecosystem where all information is hidden in apps which the user must consciously access. The Xoom also has the benefit of being a joint project between Google and Motorola, as Honeycomb had not been officially announced to the public before the arrival of the Xoom. A direct partnership with Google, combined with Motorola’s history and reputation for keeping their products updated (The original Motorola Droid, two years old, received Android 2.2 in early-September) suggests that the Xoom will be supported for a few years, and not dropped and left in the cold like some of Samsung’s products. This puts Motorola on the same ground as Apple, which designs the software and the hardware, who supported the iPhone 3G from late 2008 to the end of 2010. Android software moves fast, and Xoom users should feel confident that they wont be left behind by Motorola.

As the first Honeycomb tablet, the Xoom has a responsibility to show off the full power of Honeycomb. In this respect Motorola is also on the same ground as Apple. The hardware is designed to fully take advantage of the software- even a barometer, which measures pressure in the atmosphere, is installed.

While the Xoom is Android’s best bet, its success will depend on the number of apps optimized for Honeycomb tablets, and adoption and promotion by its customers. Motorola does not have the same level of brand recognition as Apple, and Android does not capitalize enough on the Google brand name. Compared to the iPad (version 1 or 2), the Xoom has a much higher price tag that might turn away customers who compare it to the iPad without looking closer.

The Xoom won’t be an “iPad killer”, such a thing does not exist, but Xoom’s objective is to grasp a portion of market share from Apple, who at time of writing holds more than 80% of the market.